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Why Do I Need a Permit to Replace My Windows?

This is a common question, people are under the false impression that if they are not altering the structural frame and simply replacing the existing windows that a building permit and inspections are not necessary. The truth is that your windows are a very important component in your home’s building envelope and affect many aspects of your home’s safety, performance and comfort. Building permits and inspections are necessary to assure and document that important safety regulations are being complied with.

Windows, glazing and/or fenestration require building permits per the California Building Code (CBC) Sec. 105.1, California Residential Code (CRC) Sec. 105.1 and County Building Code, Sec. 12.10.310. These permits are required so that Building Inspectors can verify and document that all the minimum code requirements listed below are complied with, and so they may perform their important work of protecting the health, life and safety of you, your family and our community.

Windows must comply with the following minimum code requirements:

  • Natural light and ventilation, CBC Sec. 1203 & 1205, CRC Sec. 303.
  • Emergency egress requirements so that first responders can enter a bedroom and perform emergency life saving rescues or so that occupants can escape, CBC Sec. 1029, CRC Sec. 310.
  • Windows (including retrofit type installations) are critical in maintaining a home’s weather barrier from moisture intrusion, regulated by CBC Sec. 1403 &1405, CRC Sec. 703.8. Windows are a major cause of water intrusion in a structure which can lead to structural damage and possible growth of harmful mold in wall spaces. Mold can cause many health problems in adults and sometimes permanent damage in young children. Also, windows not installed and sealed correctly may invite and promote pest infestation.
  • Energy conservation is a major function of new windows, required by the California Energy Code, Sec. 116, however if installed incorrectly they can contribute to drafts and energy loss. Not all windows sold are approved for use; windows must be certified by the California Energy Commission to meet the minimum energy requirements of the California Energy Code.
  • Many windows, doors and glazed areas present a safety hazard if tempered glass is not utilized. These areas include: glass doors, glazing adjacent to doors, glass for tub and shower enclosures, glass adjacent to tubs, glass where the bottom edge is less than 18" above the floor, glass adjacent to stairways, landings and ramps when glass is less than 60" above the adjacent walking surface and other areas required by CBC Sec. 2406.4, CRC Sec. 308 & 327.

Window replacement can be a very costly project, having a third party inspection performed by the County will assure and document that your project is installed correctly, meets the manufacturer’s installation requirements and all of the minimum code requirements noted above.

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